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Organic vs. Conventional Farming

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Farming in general has been around for centuries and has been a way for life for many individuals all over the world. Most grocery stores today carry and sell numerous organic foods such as fruit, meat, dairy, and vegetable produce and products (2001, What You Should Know About Organic Foods). There are two ways to grow foods, conventionally and organically. One might want to know what the word organic means. To grow food organically means to eliminate methods of fertilization, controlling weed growth, and also preventing diseases among livestock (Jason, 2001). Conventional farming on the other hand involves using chemical weed killers on crops. There are many other differences between growing foods conventionally and organically, these differences are listed below (2004, Organically grown foods: Evaluate your options).

Conventional Farming
Organic Farming
Promotes plant growth
Natural fertilizers (manure/compost/mulch)
Involves fertilizers also known as synthetic substances
Uses non-harmful insects or traps to eliminate pests as well as diseases and the microorganism level
Uses chemicals to eliminate pests
In some cases natural pesticides are used
Uses chemicals to minimize the spread of disease from reaching farm animals
Rotate crops
Uses chemical herbicides
Farmers hand weed their gardens

Over the years conventional farming has changed drastically as new innovations and technology have advanced. However, organic products are becoming more in demand in today's society. Right now the government is establishing programs that require all foods produced to be labeled as organic if they are in fact organically produced (2004, Organically grown foods: Evaluate your options). These foods must also meet the government's new organic standards.